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12th EuroBiotechnology Congress

Alicante, Spain

B Pushpavathi

Bangalore University, India

Title: Utilization and conservation of Morus indica by using in vitro technology and bioinoculants

Biography

Biography: B Pushpavathi

Abstract

Morus indica commonly known as Mulberry is of paramount importance in sericulture industries. Morus indica, member of the family Moraceae is a multipurpose tree. Though mulberry foliage constitute the chief food for silkworms, extract from flowers fruits, bark, leaves are of great medicinal value. The most active ingredients are Rutoside and DNJ (1-deoxynojirimycin HCl). Leaf extract is rich in amino acids, vitamin C and antioxidants. DNJ and rutoside are very effective in the treatment of curing diabetes mellitus in addition to regulating blood fat levels balancing blood pressure and boosting metabolism. DNJ has been proved to inhibit the activities of α-glucosidase which lowers blood sugar levels. Hence to meet the demand and supply an attempt has been made to conserve by in vitro techniques (mass multiplication) and by utilization of biofertilizers. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) can form a symbiosis with a wide variety of plant hosts. Beneficial interactions between AMF and commercial plants have been well documented. In the present investigations both normal and micropropagated plants of Morus indica were inoculated with two species of Glomus mosseae and Glomus fasciculatum. The percent of root colonization and morphological parameters were investigated in the field conditions. Alpha glucosidase enzyme inhibition assay in leaf samples of field grown control and micropropagated plants with or without AMF inoculation was conducted to estimate IC50 value. The inoculated plants showed better colonization and better growth performance. Thus AMF influenced the whole physiological status of the host plants as biofertilizers