Day 2 :
Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel
Time : 08:30-09:00
Ilan Chet has completed his PhD in Microbiology at the Faculty of Agriculture of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in Rehovot. He has published 390 articles, edited five books and holds 38 patents. He has served as a Dean of the Faculty of Agriculture and Vice President of the Hebrew University. Later, he was the President of the Weizmann Institute of Science and nominated “Institute Professor”. He was also a Visiting Professor at Harvard, Colorado State, Cornell, Rutgers and Lund Gottingen Universities. He was awarded with many prizes, among them, the Max-Planck, the Israel prize and the Wolf Prize. He has also received the Officer’s Cross of the Order of Merit of Germany and the Legion of Honor of France. Furthermore, he was recognized with an Honorary Doctorate from Lund, Haifa and Naples Universities. He is a Member of the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, the European Academy of Sciences and Academia Europea. He held the previous position of Deputy Secretary General at the Secretariat of the Union for the Mediterranean.
Biological control, the use of antagonistic organisms that interfere with plant pathogens represent an ecological approach to overcome the problems caused by hazardous chemical pesticides appliedin plant protection. The mycoparasite Trichoderma is an efficient biocontrol agent excreting extracellular chitinases, β-1-3 glucanases and proteases. Cloning these genes into plants can induce their resistance to diseases. Moreover, this biocontrol agent can induce systemic resistance (ISR) to diseases by priming the expression of several plant defense related genes which enables Trichoderma treated plants to be more resistant to subsequent pathogen infection. Root colonization by Trichoderma strains results in massive changes in plant metabolism leading to accumulation of antimicrobial compounds in the whole plant. Studies have demonstrated that Trichoderma can ameliorate also plant performance in the presence of various abiotic stresses such as drought, salinity and heavy metals. Understanding the molecular basis of the diverse modes of action Trichoderma can lead to a better environmental friendly control of plant diseases.