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16th Asia Pacific Biotechnology Congress , will be organized around the theme “Unveiling the current frontier’s in field of biotechnology”

Asia Pacific Biotech Congress 2018 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Asia Pacific Biotech Congress 2018

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   Biomedical technology broadly refers to the application of engineering and technology principles to the domain of living or biological systems. Usually inclusion of the term biomedical denotes a principal emphasis on problems related to human health and diseases, whereas terms like "biotechnology" can be medical, environmental, or agricultural in application. But most terms in this general realm still lack clear boundaries. Biomedical engineering and Biotechnology alike are often loosely called Biomedical Technology or Bioengineering.

 

Molecular biology is the study of molecular underpinnings of the processes of replication, transcription, translation, and cell function. The central dogma of molecular biology where genetic material is transcribed into RNA and then translated into protein, despite being oversimplified, still provides a good starting point for understanding the field. The picture has been revised in light of emerging novel roles for RNA.Much of molecular biology is quantitative, and recently much work has been done at its interface with computer science in bioinformatics and computational biology. Where molecular techniques are used to infer historical attributes of populations or species, as in fields in evolutionary biology such as population genetics and phylogenetic. There is also a long tradition of studying biomolecules "from the ground up" in biophysics.

Nutrition is the science that interprets the interaction of nutrients and other substances in food in relation to maintenance, growth, reproduction, health and disease of an organism. It includes food intake, absorption, assimilation and biosynthesis, catabolism and excreation. The diet of an organism is what it eats, which is largely determined by the availability, the processing and palatability of foods. Food technology is a branch of food science that deals with the production processes that make foods, the application of technology to modify genes of plants with the help of plant science and genetics to improve the food we eat and how it is produced. Food technology concentrated on preservation. However, it is important to proceed with caution to avoid unfavorable consequences for the surroundings and our health.

Neuroscience is the scientific study of the nervous system. It is a multidisciplinary branch of biology, that deals with the anatomy, biochemistry, molecular biology, and physiology of neurons and neural circuits. It also draws upon other fields, with the most obvious being pharmacology, psychology, and medicine.

The scope of neuroscience has broadened over time to include different approaches used to study the molecular, cellular, developmental, structural, functional, evolutionary, computational, psychosocial and medical aspects of the nervous system. Neuroscience has also given rise to such other disciplines as neuroeducation, neuroethics, and neurolaw. The techniques used by neuroscientists have also expanded enormously, from molecular and cellular studies of individual neurons to imaging of sensory and motor tasks in the brain. Recent theoretical advances in neuroscience have also been aided by the study of neural networks.

 

Biochemistry also known as biological chemistry is the study of chemical processes within and relating to living organisms. By controlling information flow through biochemical signaling and the flow of chemical energy through metabolism, biochemical processes give rise to the complexity of life. The main focus of pure biochemistry is on understanding how biological molecules give rise to the processes that occur within living cells, which in turn relates greatly to the study and understanding of tissues, organs, and whole organisms. Biochemistry is closely related to molecular biology, the study of the molecular mechanisms by which genetic information encoded in DNA is able to result in the processes of life.

Cellular biotechnology is a branch of biology that studies the different structures and functions of the cell and focuses mainly on the idea of the cell as the basic unit of life. Cell biology explains the structure, organization of the organelles they contain, their physiological properties, metabolic processes, Signaling pathways, life cycle, and interactions with their environment. This is done both on a microscopic and molecular level as it encompasses prokaryotic cells and eukaryotic cells. Knowing the components of cells and how cells work is fundamental to all biological sciences, it is also essential for research in bio-medical fields such as cancer, and other diseases. Research in cell biology is closely related to genetics, biochemistry, molecular biology, immunology, and developmental biology.

 

Environmental biotechnology is a system of science and engineering knowledge used in prevention, treatment and monitoring of environmental pollution through bio-treatment, bio-remediation of polluted environments, and bio-monitoring of environmental and its treatment processes. The process has been shown to play a substantial role in maintaining zero waste agriculture and most significantly through the operation of over 15 million biogas digesters worldwide.
The main application of this system is the biodegradation/detoxication of hazardous substances in industrial waste. Some of the biotechnological agents used include bacteria, algae, fungi and protozoa.
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At many levels and in many organisms, ranging from the discovery of genes implicated in the development of cancer in humans to the elucidation of basic cell biological processes that are affected during tumor genesis, which can be studied using human cells as well as model organisms. Genetic approaches are central to the efforts of many laboratories studying aspects of tumor development, including the cloning of human oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes, the generation of mutant mouse strains to study these and other cancer-associated genes, and the use of classical genetics to elucidate the components of growth control pathways in model organisms, such as Drosophila and C. elegans. These genetic approaches are complemented in the Department by biochemical and cell biological studies aimed at understanding the function of cancer genes; the details of proliferation, cell cycle and cell death pathways; the nature of cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions; and mechanisms of DNA repair, replication, transcription and chromosome stability.

 

Aquaculture also known as aqua farming is the farming of fish, crustaceans, molluscs, aquatic plants, algae, and other aquatic organisms. Aquaculture involves cultivating freshwater and saltwater populations under controlled conditions, and can be contrasted with commercial fishing, which is the harvesting of fish. Mari culture refers to aquaculture practiced in marine environments and in underwater habitats. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) , aquaculture "is understood to mean the farming of aquatic organisms including fish, molluscs, crustaceans and aquatic plants. Farming implies some form of intervention in the rearing process to enhance production, such as regular stocking, feeding, protection from predators, etc.

Marine Biotechnology has been the subject of great importance not only because of the need for sustainable utilization of the vast marine resources to feed billions of people in this world but also due to the potential for discovery of new products and processes of economic importance through the rich biodiversity that is yet to be fully understood and exploited. Apart from contributing to high quality and healthy aqua-food, nutraceuticals and medicinal products (anti-cancer and antimicrobials), this sector is expected to contribute to sustainable alternative source of energy (biofuel from microalgae) and products for maintenance of environmental health. Advances in tools for bio prospecting and gene sequencing have opened up new avenues for discovery of biomolecules and their exploitation for developing a bio-economy (blue-economy)

 

Agricultural biotechnology, also known as agritech, is an area of agricultural science involving the use of scientific tools and techniques, including genetic engineering, molecular markers, molecular diagnostics, vaccines, and tissue culture, to modify living organisms: plants, animals, and microorganisms. Crop Biotechnology is one aspect of Agricultural Biotechnology which has been greatly developed upon in recent times. Desired trait is exported from a particular species of Crop to an entirely different species. These Transgene crops possess desirable characteristics in terms of flavor, color of flowers, growth rate, size of harvested products and resistance to diseases and pests.

 

Application of nanotechnology in biological systems is known as Nano-biotechnology. This is a newer technological approach to imagine and create newer systems that can be used for biological research. Biologically inspired nanotechnology uses biological systems as the reference for technologies which have not been created yet. Nano-biotechnology is assisting modern medicine evolve from treating symptoms to generating cures and regenerating biological tissues. Some of the applications of Nano-biotechnology include stem cell treatments, growing uterus outside the body and then placed inside in animals and developing fluorescence polymers.

 

Drug design, often referred to as rational drug design or simply rational design, is the inventive process of finding new medications based on the knowledge of a biological target. Most commonly, drugs are organic small molecules produced through chemical synthesis, but biopolymer-based drugs (also known as biopharmaceuticals) produced through biological processes are becoming increasingly more common.In addition, mRNA-based gene silencing technologies may have therapeutic applications

 

Bioinformatics is a branch of biotechnology that involves use of computer applications such as applied math and statistics to analyze and interpret biological data. It helps in organizing the large-scale information and analysis of biological queries using mathematical and statistical techniques. It is used in the identification of candidate genes and nucleotides which helps in better understanding of genetic basis of disease and its properties.
Bioinformatics is useful in areas such as functional genomics, structural genomics, and proteomics, and acts as a key constituent in the biotechnology and pharmaceutical sector.

 

Application of nanotechnology in biological systems is known as Nano-biotechnology. This is a newer technological approach to imagine and create newer systems that can be used for biological research. Biologically inspired nanotechnology uses biological systems as the reference for technologies which have not been created yet.
Nano-biotechnology is assisting modern medicine evolve from treating symptoms to generating cures and regenerating biological tissues. Some of the applications of Nano-biotechnology include stem cell treatments, growing uterus outside the body and then placed inside in animals and developing fluorescence polymers.

 

Tissue engineering is the use of a combination of cells, engineering and materials methods, and suitable biochemical and physicochemical factors to improve or replace biological tissues. The principles of engineering and life sciences toward the development of biological substitutes that restore, maintain, or improve [Biological tissue] function or a whole organ". Regenerative medicine is a branch of translational research in tissue engineering and molecular biology which deals with the "process of replacing, engineering or regenerating human cells, tissues or organs to restore or establish normal function.

 

 Pharmaceutical biotechnology involves the application of principles of biotechnology in the development of drugs. Techniques such as recombinant DNA are used to design more effective drugs. Biotechnology has added to the discovery and manufacturing of traditional small molecule pharmaceutical drugs as well as drugs. Modern biotechnology allows manufacturing existing medicines relatively easy and less economical. Modern biotechnology facilitates its use in pharmaceutical drug discovery, production and development, pharmacogenomics and genetic screening.

 

Industrial biotechnology, also known as white biotechnology in Europe, is one of the promising approaches that enable in averting pollution, conserve resources and thus cost reduction. The technology uses living cells and components of cells such as enzymes to yield industrially useful products in various sectors such as chemicals, bio-fuels, food etc. Microbial biotechnology implicates the manipulation of microorganisms at the gene and molecular level to yield useful products.
The above said biotechnology procedure enables to use renewable raw materials and can contribute to lowering greenhouse gas emissions and stirring away from a petrochemical-based economy.

 

The use of microorganisms for large-scale industrial purposes has a long history, which is long before the realization of the activities of the microorganisms. For centuries, beer, wine, vinegar, soy sauce and other fermented foods were produced through spontaneous fermentation of natural occurring microorganisms or the use of carry-over microbial seeds from the previous batch of production. The quality and productivity of these early products were very often inconsistent. The development of scientific screening and isolation methods allows the selection of desirable natural occurring or mutated microorganisms for specific purposes.

 

Enzymes are the biocatalysts that are capable of mediating many biological reactions and conversion of element into other intermediate products and so on to the final product. Coming to their activity, total enzyme will not be involved in any conversion of substrate to a product. Only, a specific part of the enzyme named “active site” is involved in the reaction phenomenon. Any modifications at the active site will lead to the activity change of that particular enzyme and even that might make an enzyme to lose its activity totally and permanently. In order to make an enzyme to show its maximum potency in conversion of substrate to desired product, many parameters need to be optimized which include pH, temperature, concentration of enzyme, concentration of substrate, reaction time and even many modifications need to be done at the genetic level of that particular enzyme in order to manipulate the enzyme in all the possible ways to give maximum yield of the desired product yield and desired product quality.

 

Plant biotechnology applies scientific tools and techniques that accustom plants for precise purposes by cross-breeding, prolonging their growing seasons, adjusting height, color and texture and several other mechanisms. It can also be applied to exchange plant genes to produce novel genetic combinations and superior hybrid species.
Applications of plant biotechnology include biochemical production, rapid clonal multiplication, production of hybrid plants, genetic modification in plants etc.